Kant got it right. “Space is not something object and real, nor a substance, nor an accident, nor a relation,” he wrote in his 1770 Inaugural Dissertation. “[I]nstead, it is subjective and ideal, and originates from the mind’s nature in accord with a stable law as a scheme, as it were, for coordinating everything sensed externally.”
That’s the best explanation I’ve heard yet for the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, which was awarded today to three scientists for a key discovery in epistemology. Almost 250 years after Kant described the concept of space as “pure intuition,” neuroscientists John O’Keefe and May-Britt and Edvard Moser jointly took the award for discovering the brain’s internal positioning center.
When it comes to median income levels, Milwuakee has yet to recover from the Great Recession. In fact, the falling income trend seems to be worsening. Median incomes are down roughly $4,500 since 2009 and $1,500 since 2012.
Although incomes are still lower than five years ago, most large metropolitan areas showed at least a tiny gain last year. The patterns suggest that while many regional economies may have turned a corner on the recession, incomes are making a slow advance toward 2009 levels. These charts show data for median household incomes released on Thursday by the Census Bureau in its American Community Survey.